The dynamic energy model is a resource balancing mechanism of the TRON network, which can dynamically adjust the energy consumption of each contract according to the resource occupancy of the contract, so as to make the allocation of energy resources on the chain more reasonable and prevent excessive concentration of network resources on a few popular contracts. For more details, please refer to Introduction to Dynamic Energy Model.
If a contract uses too many resources in one maintenance cycle, then in the next maintenance cycle, a certain percentage of punitive consumption will be added, and users who send the same transaction to this contract will cost more energy than before. When the contract uses resources reasonably, the energy consumption generated by the user calling the contract will gradually return to normal.
Each contract has an energy_factor field, which indicates the increase ratio of the energy consumption of the smart contract transaction relative to the base energy consumption and the initial value is 0. When the energy_factor of the contract is 0, it means that the contract is using resources reasonably, and there will be no additional energy consumption for calling the contract. When the energy_factor is greater than 0, it means that the contract is already a popular contract, and additional energy will be consumed when calling the contract.
The calculation formula for the final energy consumed by the contract invocation transaction is as follows:
energy consumption by a contract invocation transaction = the basic energy consumption generated by the transaction * （1 + energy_factor）
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